Several battles were fought in and near Philadelphia as well. In 1816, the city's free black community founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the country, and the first black Episcopal Church.
Philadelphia served as the temporary capital of the United States while the new capital was under construction in the District of Columbia from 1790 to 1800. The free black community also established many schools for its children, with the help of Quakers.
By the 1750s, Philadelphia had surpassed Boston to become the largest city and busiest port in British America, and second in the British Empire after London.
which signed the United States Declaration of Independence, during the war; and the Constitutional Convention (1787) after the war. The city remained the young nation's largest until the late 18th century, being both a financial and a cultural center for America.
The Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony.