Even more striking, a number of adolescents and young adults consider physical TDV to be horseplay, roughhousing or joking around.
These seemingly normative and playful qualities of TDV make it appear to be typical and expected during this stage of development.
Children who witness or are the victims of violence may learn to believe that violence is a reasonable way to resolve conflict between people.
Boys who learn that women are not to be valued or respected and who see violence directed against women are more likely to abuse women when they grow up.
They may have seen violence often or they may have been victims themselves.